Development of denoising and compression algorithms for AIS-based vessel trajectories

Ran Yan, Haoyu Mo, Dong Yang, Shuaian Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Ship navigation information derived from the Automatic Identification System (AIS) is widely used in the shipping industry. As AIS reports are featured with huge volume and noises, preprocessing of AIS data is essential before its further application. This study aims to develop effective algorithms to denoise and compress raw trajectories derived from AIS reports. Specifically, an effective noise detection method based on statistical theory and sliding window is first proposed to identify glitches in a given trajectory. Linear interpolation is further used to rectify the glitches detected. Then, two modes of algorithms are proposed for trajectory compression: static mode with preset threshold for compression and dynamic mode considering the distance between trajectory points and the coastline in a real-time manner. Numerical experiments show that the noise detection and rectification algorithms and the trajectory compression algorithms are accurate and highly efficient considering compression rate, information loss, and computation time. The main innovation of this research includes developing an accurate and robust trajectory glitch detection and rectification algorithm, proposing two modes of trajectory compression algorithms, and combining the two tasks in a holistic robust framework. Especially, the dynamic compression mode can overcome a major problem encountered in static compression where the compressed trajectories may go across land. It can also deal with more flexible compression requirements and thus should be more applicable in practice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111207
JournalOcean Engineering
Volume252
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2022

Keywords

  • Automatic identification system (AIS)
  • Dynamic threshold
  • Trajectory compression
  • Trajectory denoising
  • Trajectory point-coastline distance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering

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