Development of auxetic warp knitted fabrics based on reentrant geometry

Shuaiquan Zhao, Hong Hu (Corresponding Author), Kamrul Hasan, Yuping Chang, Minglonghai Zhang

    Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

    33 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper reports a novel method to fabricate auxetic warp knitted fabrics on a tricot warp knitting machine based on a special structure design and knitting process. Three auxetic warp knitted structures were successfully developed and all of them were designed to form a reentrant hexagonal geometry to acquire an auxetic effect. To provide the fabrics with reentrant frames, elastomeric yarns and stiff yarns were used to form the elastic underlaps and stiff underlaps, respectively. While the elastic underlaps can keep the reentrant structures stable, the stiff underlaps can support the reentrant structures to keep their reentrant frames. To alleviate the transfer of yarns in the loops under tension, an additional front yarn guide bar was used to feed binding yarns to basic reentrant structures. After knitting, all the fabrics were subjected to a heat setting process to keep their shape and a tensile test to assess their auxetic behavior. The experimental results showed that all the fabrics exhibited an obvious auxetic behavior within a wide range of strain. In particular, the fabrics retained auxetic behavior until breaking when stretched in the wale direction, and the Poisson’s ratio of the fabrics could be as low as –0.5. On the other hand, the fabrics exhibited a large tensile elongation when stretched in the course direction and their Poisson’s ratios changed from negative to positive after the tensile strain exceeded a certain value.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)344-356
    Number of pages13
    JournalTextile Research Journal
    Issue number3-4
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020


    • auxetic fabrics
    • auxetic textiles
    • knitting
    • negative Poisson’s ratio

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
    • Polymers and Plastics


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