Development of a waste-derived lignin-porphyrin bio-polymer with enhanced photoluminescence at high water fraction with wide pH range and heavy metal sensitivity investigations

Ho Yin Tse, Shun Cheung Cheng, Chi Shun Yeung, Chun Yin Lau, Wing Hei Wong, Chengyu Dong, Shao Yuan Leu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Lignin is a common by-product of pulping industries. Diverse functional groups in the polymeric matrix make lignin a superior alternative for carbon-based materials. Meanwhile, porphyrin family is well known in multiple applications; however, aggregation-caused quenching (AQC) due to the strong π-π interaction in poor-solvent environments will limit the photoluminescence intensity of porphyrin. In this study, a new lignin-porphyrin (AL-CTPP) polymer was developed, which combined and promoted the functionalities of the two chemicals. In photoluminescence investigations, the emission intensity of AL-CTPP in the 600 to 780 nm region was 30-fold stronger than that of porphyrin alone when the water fraction (fw) > 0.9. Lignin served as a stable backbone immobilizing porphyrin and prevented unwanted aggregation of porphyrin and the related aggregation-caused quenching in high fw solution at various pH. Furthermore, linear correlations were established between absorption properties of AL-CTPP with concentrations of five metal ions (i.e., Mn2+, Ni2+, Co2+, Cu2+, and Zn2+). With these unique features, AL-CTPP showed enhanced performance for potential bio-imaging and environmental applications. Lignin-porphyrin polymers may represent a significant potential product of biorefineries and the effective utilization of lignin to fabricate a new functional material which offers significant benefits to support waste valorization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1319-1329
Number of pages11
JournalGreen Chemistry
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution

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