Development of a multimedia intervention to improve pneumoconiosis prevention in construction workers using RE-AIM framework

Jieling Chen, Cho Lee Wong, Bernard Man Hin Law, Winnie Kwok Wei So, Doris Yin Ping Leung, Carmen Wing Han Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Pneumoconiosis is a common occupational lung disease among construction workers. Educational interventions targeting specific ethnic groups of construction workers are of benefit for pneumoconiosis prevention. The aim of this study was to develop a multimedia educational intervention for pneumoconiosis prevention for South Asian construction workers, and to evaluate its feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness in increasing knowledge of pneumoconiosis, modifying beliefs about pneumoconiosis, and enhancing intention to implement measures for its prevention among the workers. This evaluation was performed using the Reach-Effectiveness-Adoption-ImplementationMaintenance framework. A one-group design was adopted and intervention mapping was used to guide the process of intervention development, while the Health Belief Model guided the development of intervention content. The intervention was delivered at construction sites, ethnic minority associations and South Asian community centres. Data were collected via surveys completed at preintervention, post-intervention and 3 months after the intervention. A total of 1002 South Asian construction workers participated in the intervention. The participants reported a moderate-to-large increase in knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, cues to action and self-efficacy (Cohen's d: 0.37 0.89), a small reduction in perceived barriers (Cohen's d ¼ 0.12) and a moderate improvement in attitudes and intention to practice (Cohen's d: 0.45, 0.51) at postintervention. A follow-up survey of 121 participants found that the implementation of preventive measures appeared to increase. Overall, the findings demonstrate that the implementation of a culturally adapted multimedia educational intervention could be an effective approach to improving knowledge, self-efficacy and intention regarding pneumoconiosis prevention among South Asian construction workers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1439-1449
Number of pages11
JournalHealth Promotion International
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021


  • construction worker
  • health beliefs
  • pneumoconiosis
  • RE-AIM
  • South Asian

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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