Development of a contextualized index of multiple deprivation for age-friendly cities: Evidence from Hong Kong

Shi Chen, Siqiang Wang, Yi Sun, Yat Wa Justina Liu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Deprivation refers to the state of having unmet basic needs, defined by societal standards. We argue that the mono emphasis on material deprivation is insufficient, as the characteristics of physical and social environments play a crucial role in either accelerating deprivation or providing additional resources/support to compensate for lack of income or basic household demands. We extend the focal point of the multiple deprivation framework to Hong Kong, an ultra-dense metropolis experiencing rapid demographic aging. We construct a Hong Kong index of multiple deprivation with seven domains. Highly deprived neighborhoods are likely to be located in areas with ultra-high residential density, where living conditions are substandard (e.g., subdivided units). Urban areas that used to have a large proportion of resettlement and industrial lands are likely to become deprived owing to the uneven distribution of urban amenities and the fragmentation of residential areas by industrial land.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103285
JournalApplied Geography
Volume167
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024

Keywords

  • Age-friendly cities
  • Analytic hierarchy process (AHP)
  • High-density urban environments
  • Index of multiple deprivation (IMD)
  • Spatial patterns

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Forestry
  • General Environmental Science
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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