Development and validation of a generic patient experience instrument for measuring specialist outpatient service in Hong Kong

Eliza Lai Yi Wong (Corresponding Author), Annie Wai Ling Cheung, Richard Huan Xu, Carrie Ho Kwan Yam, Sui Fai Lui, Eng Kiong Yeoh

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: The measurement of patients’ experience is an important performance indicator of health care service quality. A reliable and validated instrument to elicit patients’ experience is an important step. This study aimed to develop a generic instrument to elicit patients’ experience in specialist outpatient clinic provision with a rigorous and systematic methodology. Design: The instrument framework was developed according to findings of a literature review, patient focus group discussions, individual patient in-depth interviews and expert discussion. The framework was tested for psychometric performance with a cross-sectional telephone survey in terms of practicality, validity, reliability and responsiveness. Setting: 26 Public specialist outpatient clinics in Hong Kong were selected. Participants: Cantonese speaking patients aged 18 or above. Intervention(s): None. Main outcome measure(s): A validated generic patient experience questionnaire measuring Specialist Outpatient Service (SOPEQ). Results: A proportional sample total of 513 patients from 26 specialist outpatient clinics were recruited, response rate of 56%. The findings indicated that the instrument is practicable and concise. A structure of nine dimensions with 47 items structure was confirmed based on exploratory factor analysis and content validity. These items showed satisfactory internal reliability consistency (α = 0.793) and test–retest reliability ranged from 0.618 to 0.829. Conclusions: The SOPEQ was established with satisfactory psychometric properties. A valid and reliable measure to evaluate patients’ experience is an important step in providing valuable input from patients’ perspective for policy makers to improve patient-centred services. It also serves as a platform to engage patients and thereby, in improving health care quality and enhancing health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)G158-G164
JournalInternational Journal for Quality in Health Care
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Outpatient health care
  • Patient experience
  • Patient experience instrument
  • Patient satisfaction
  • Patient-centred care
  • Quality improvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Development and validation of a generic patient experience instrument for measuring specialist outpatient service in Hong Kong'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this