Development and applicability of life cycle impact assessment methodologies

Sheng Yang, Kebo Ma, Zhiqiang Liu, Jingzheng Ren, Yi Man

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingChapter in an edited book (as author)Academic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Life cycle assessment (LCA) is an environmental management tool, which can be used to evaluate the impact of a product, a system, or an activity on the environment. LCC is the concrete application of the LCA in its economic aspect. However, the LCA and the LCC are not enough to evaluate impact on the environment. Thus, S-LCA comes up, which focuses on the social impact of human activities. This paper mainly introduces the development (in Section 5.1), definition, goal, classification, and framework (in other sections, respectively) of LCIA. The relationship of LCA, LCC, and S-LCA is introduced first. In the following sections, the LCA, LCC, and S-LCA are described in detail. Section 5.4 introduces the difference and similarity between LCA and S-LCA, while Section 5.5 looks at the theory, the practice, and the existing problems of the LCSA, along with a summary of three life cycle assessment methods.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLife Cycle Sustainability Assessment for Decision-Making
Subtitle of host publicationMethodologies and Case Studies
Chapter5
Pages95-124
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9780128183557
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Impact assessment
  • Life cycle assessment
  • Life cycle cost
  • Life cycle sustainability assessment
  • Social life cycle assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

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