Developing and validating a riverboat gaming impact scale

Joseph S. Chen, Cathy Hui-chun Hsu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)


This study attempts to develop and validate an instrument to evaluate residents' perceptions of the impacts of riverboat gaming. Using longitudinal survey data, this study examines 24 perceived impact attributes by the Cronbach reliability test. Scale unidimensionality is first revealed by exploratory and validated by confirmatory factor analyses. Five constructs-free of crimes, economic effects, community image, community activities, and public services-show acceptable levels of reliability. Construct validity, including discriminant and convergent validity, is also satisfactorily established. Accordingly, this validated gaming impact scale can be further used as a base for building gaming development theories.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-476
Number of pages18
JournalAnnals of Tourism Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Riverboat gaming
  • Scale development
  • Tourism impacts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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