Developing and testing the effectiveness of a novel health qigong for frail elders in Hong Kong: A preliminary study

Wing Hong Hector Tsang, Janet L C Lee, Doreen W H Au, Karen K W Wong, K. W. Lai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Eight-Section Brocades and Yijin Jing consist of some routine movements that are too difficult for frail elders. A novel health qigong protocol was developed and its effectiveness for frail elders was examined using a randomized clinical trial (RCT). An expert panel performed functional anatomy analysis and safety field test prior to the RCT. The experimental group (n = 61, 83 ± 6 yr) was given a 12-week qigong exercise program, while the comparison group (n = 55, 84 ± 6 yr) participated in a newspaper reading program with the same duration and frequency. Pre-, mid-, post-, and follow-up assessments were conducted. At 12 weeks, the qigong group had significant improvements in thinking operations (F = 4.05, P =.02) and significant reduction of resting heart rate (F = 3.14, P =.045) as compared to the newspaper reading group. A trend of improvements in grip strength and a decreasing trend of depression levels were observed among the qigong group. Significant perceived improvements in physical health (F = 13.01, P =.001), activities of daily living (F = 5.32, P =.03), and overall health status (F = 15.26, P =.0001) were found. There are improvements in some aspects of psychosocial, cognitive, physical, and physiological domains. Clinical applications and possibilities for further research are discussed. H. Tsang et al.
Original languageEnglish
Article number827392
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine


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