Developing a slow city tourism evaluation index: a Delphi-AHP review of Cittaslow requirements

Jeong Hyun Kim, Brian E.M. King, Seongseop Kim

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


This study proposes and verifies the slow city tourism evaluation index (SCTEI). SCTEI offers scholars and practitioners the capacity to assess the attractiveness and/or performance of slow cities in the context of sustainable tourism. The study participants consisted of a panel of slow city and sustainable development experts. These professionals were engaged in a Delphi-analytic hierarchy process for the purposes of scale development and verification. Four rounds of surveying were conducted and generated a multi-dimensional structure, consisting of seven domains, 18 subdomains, and 60 items. Locality, conviviality, and education were outstanding amongst the seven domains. The newly developed SCTEI provides practical guidelines for ascertaining a slow city’s sustainable tourism performance and offers a standardized instrument for comparison and benchmarking purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)846-874
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Sustainable Tourism
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 29 Apr 2022


  • analytic hierarchy process
  • conviviality
  • Delphi
  • heritage
  • quality of life
  • Slow city
  • sustainable

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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