Determining in vivo elasticity and viscosity with dynamic Scheimpflug imaging analysis in keratoconic and healthy eyes

Li Ke Wang, Lei Tian, Yongping Zheng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


KGaA, Weinheim. The paper presents a novel analysis method of corneal elasticity and viscosity based on corneal visualization Scheimpflug technology (CorVis ST) for keratoconus diagnosis. Methods for air puff force measurement and corneal imaging boundary extraction were proposed. Corneal biomechanical properties, described as tangent stiffness coefficient (STSC) and energy absorbed area (Aabsorbed), were assessed using the curves of the applied air puff force with corneal displacement to form a loading-unloading cycle. Twenty-five patients with keratoconus and 34 healthy control subjects, matched for intraocular pressure (IOP), were enrolled in this prospective study. The results showed that the intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) of the STSCand Aabsorbedwere 0.941 and 0.878 in Healthy group; and were 0.891 and 0.809 in Keratoconus group, respectively. Both STSCand Aabsorbedof keratoconus patients were significantly different from that of controls (both probability value P < 0.001). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under curve for STSCwas 0.918 and for Aabsorbedwas 0.894, which reached a good level of predictive accuracy for detecting keratoconus. Our results demonstrated that this new analysis method could be used to characterize the biomechanical properties of corneas. (a) The air puff force of CorVis ST was measured by a custom-designed force detection system. (b) Corneal displacement was extracted from CorVis ST using a proposed imaging analysis. (c) With the utilization of the air puff force and corneal dynamic displacement, an analysis method was developed to introduce new corneal biomechanical parameters - STSCand Aabsorbed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)454-463
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biophotonics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016


  • Air puff force
  • Corneal visualization Scheimpflug technology
  • Elasticity
  • Image processing
  • Keratoconus
  • Viscosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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