Determination of optimum pavement construction alternatives to minimize life-cycle costs and greenhouse gas emissions

Yuhong Wang, Dan Chong

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The selection of highway pavement design and construction strategies traditionally are based on the life-cycle cost analysis (LCCA) of different alternatives. However, with the growing concerns on sustainable development, the environmental aspects of these alternatives start to attract more attention, and even become the essential component of Decision making criteria. The objective of this study was to assess long-life pavement design strategies based on the principles of sustainability, in particular costs and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The evaluation process consists of three steps: design simulation, life-cycle cost analysis (LCCA) and life-cycle assessment (LCA) that focuses on the environmental effects of different alternatives. A multibillion dollar major road construction project currently being implemented in Hong Kong was chosen as a case study to illustrate the analysis procedure. The results show that the integration of design simulations and LCCA and LCA models is effective to predict the economic and environmental performance of road construction projects. The analysis enables decision makers to understand the sustainable implications of different pavement design strategies, as well as to identify a solution that optimizes the needs for cost saving and environmental conservation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConstruction Research Congress 2014
Subtitle of host publicationConstruction in a Global Network - Proceedings of the 2014 Construction Research Congress
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9780784413517
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Event2014 Construction Research Congress: Construction in a Global Network, CRC 2014 - Atlanta, GA, United States
Duration: 19 May 201421 May 2014


Conference2014 Construction Research Congress: Construction in a Global Network, CRC 2014
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAtlanta, GA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction

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