Determination of Leg Cross-Sectional Curvatures and Application in Pressure Prediction for Lower Body Compression Garments

Rong Liu, Jundong Liu, Terence T. Lao, Michael Ying, Xinbo Wu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


It has been recognized that the cross-sectional curvatures of lower extremities directly influence pressure magnitudes and distributions exerted by compression garments. In the practice of compression therapy, higher peak pressures produced by compression shells occurred at anatomic sites with smaller radius of curvatures and led to side effects and discomfort perception. An effective and operational method to determine leg curvature properties in order to predict pressure performances is desirable to improve comfort and mechanical function of compression garment. By employing three-dimensional (3D) digital anthropometry and two-dimensional (2D) digital image simulation, the curvatures and radius of curvatures of a total of 300 cross-sectional slices involving 1200 anatomic sites along the lower limbs were determined onto the ten healthy female subjects when they were and were not wearing compression stockings. Based on the determined cross-sectional characteristics, the skin pressures were calculated using the circumference-based and the radius of curvature-based Laplace’s equations, respectively, which were further validated against the experimental skin pressures measured by a PicoPress transducer. This study provided quantitative evidence in the exploration of the working mechanisms of uneven pressures produced by compression garments, and established a standardized method to determine cross-section-related curvature characteristics for pressure assessment and prediction, which will contribute to improving user compliance of compression garments in long-term wear.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1835-1852
Number of pages18
JournalTextile Research Journal
Issue number10
Early online date11 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019


  • compression garment
  • compression therapy
  • cross-sectional curvature
  • lower body
  • skin pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Polymers and Plastics


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