Determination of crystallographic orientation of large grain metals with surface acoustic waves

Wenqi Li, Steve D. Sharples, Richard J. Smith, Matt Clark, Michael Geoffrey Somekh

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


A previously described laser ultrasonic technique known as spatially resolved acoustic spectroscopy (SRAS) can be used to image surface microstructure, using the local surface acoustic wave (SAW) velocity as a contrast mechanism. It is shown here that measuring the SAW velocity in multiple directions can be used to determine the crystallographic orientation of grains. The orientations are determined by fitting experimentally measured velocities to theoretical velocities. Using this technique the orientations of 12 nickel and 3 aluminum single crystal samples have been measured, and these are compared with x-ray Laue backreflection (LBR) measurements with good agreement. The root mean square difference between SRAS and LBR measurements in terms of an R-value is less than 4.1°. The influence of systematic errors in the SAW velocity determination due to instrument miscalibration, which affects the accurate determination of the planes, is discussed. SRAS has great potential for complementary measurements or even for replacing established orientation determination and imaging techniques.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)738-745
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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