Design quality of public toilet facilities

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


More people have been considering the quality of design of public toilets and the issue of how closely this relates to the quality of the daily lives.bHowever, the fact is that many so-called modern cities are still not equipped with public toilets of quality that matches their technological and economical development. Since the late 1990s, studies of public toilet environments and facilities have been conducted in Hong Kong - a densely populated metropolitan city and well-known tourist spot. Taking Hong Kong as a case, this paper argues that, when people in general put their focus and expectation on technological advancement, another significant way of ensuring and improving the design quality of facilities (that is, facilities with a high degree of userfitness) is to conduct serious, on-going, and in-depth studies on human-product interactions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-354
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Reliability, Quality and Safety Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2006


  • Industrial design
  • Public facilities
  • Public toilet
  • Userfitness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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