Design optimization and field demonstration of natural ventilation for high-rise residential buildings

Chaobin Zhou, Zhiqiang Wang, Qingyan Chen, Yi Jiang, Jingjing Pei

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)


Natural ventilation in residential buildings has a great potential for conserving energy and improving the health of occupants. This paper first presents a design strategy for optimizing natural ventilation in high-rise residential buildings in Chongqing, China, a region with unfavorably low wind speed. Through the use of CFD modeling, building orientation and spacing were adjusted, wind paths were created into internal zones, and two windows were constructed in each bedroom. The optimized design reduced the age of air to less than 6 min in 90% of the rooms, as compared to an age of greater than 30 min in 50% of the rooms in a conventional design. Natural ventilation was found to be effective in the Chongqing area with the optimized design. This investigation also measured the local age of air and air change rate in a building with the optimized design using a tracer-gas method. The measurements confirmed the reliability of the CFD results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-465
Number of pages9
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Publication statusPublished - 19 Aug 2014


  • Age of air
  • Air change rate
  • Design optimization
  • Field measurements
  • Natural ventilation
  • Residential buildings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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