Design of steel and composite beams with web openings - Verification using finite element method

Kwok Fai Chung, C. H. Ko, A. J. Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the findings of a design development project for perforated beams fully integrated with building services. A unified design approach for both steel and composite beams with large rectangular web openings is proposed which is based on plastic design methods and formulated in accordance with analytical structural design principles. Moreover, finite element models are established after careful calibration against test data, and comparison on the predicted ultimate loads of two composite beams with rectangular web openings from the finite element models and the proposed design method is also presented. It is demonstrated that the proposed design method is able to predict the ultimate loads of composite beams with rectangular web openings against 'Vierendeel' mechanism satisfactorily.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-233
Number of pages31
JournalSteel and Composite Structures
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2005


  • 'Vierendeel' mechanism
  • Composite beams with web openings
  • Integration with buildings services
  • Perforated sections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Metals and Alloys

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