Design of square and rectangular CFST cross-sectional capacities in compression

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24 Citations (Scopus)


Eurocode EN 1994-1-1 currently covers design of concrete-filled steel tubular (CFST) columns using normal strength materials with nominal steel yield strength (fy) not more than 460 MPa and concrete characteristic cylinder strength less than 50 MPa. As high strength materials have been increasingly used in construction, this paper aims to extend current design equation for square and rectangular CFSTs in EN 1994-1-1 to incorporate high strength materials. A comprehensive experimental database consisting of 443 square and rectangular CFST stub column test results was developed. Statistical evaluations were undertaken and the results indicate that the current cross-section slenderness limit for square and rectangular CFSTs is too conservative and can be safely relaxed from 52235/fy to 68235/fy. The design equation could be extended to incorporate high strength materials). Then, a reliability analysis in accordance with EN 1990 was performed to evaluate the applicability of the proposed design method. It was found that the current partial factors are safe for the design of square and rectangular CFSTs with normal strength materials even after relaxation of the cross-section slenderness limit. However, modification should be applied to the existing design equation for the design of high strength materials to yield an acceptable safety level. Finally, an experimental investigation on 10 stub column tests was carried out to further verify the applicability of the proposed design recommendation. It was found that the proposed design recommendation yields satisfactory predictions when compared to test results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106419
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • CFST
  • Database
  • Design
  • Partial factors
  • Rectangular or square sections
  • Reliability analysis
  • Stub columns

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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