Design of multi-view based email classification for IoT systems via semi-supervised learning

Wenjuan Li, Weizhi Meng, Zhiyuan Tan, Yang Xiang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Suspicious emails are one big threat for Internet of Things (IoT) security, which aim to induce users to click and then redirect them to a phishing webpage. To protect IoT systems, email classification is an essential mechanism to classify spam and legitimate emails. In the literature, most email classification approaches adopt supervised learning algorithms that require a large number of labeled data for classifier training. However, data labeling is very time consuming and expensive, making only a very small set of data available in practice, which would greatly degrade the effectiveness of email classification. To mitigate this problem, in this work, we develop an email classification approach based on multi-view disagreement-based semi-supervised learning. The idea behind is that multi-view method can offer richer information for classification, which is often ignored by the literature. The use of semi-supervised learning can help leverage both labeled and unlabeled data. In the evaluation, we investigate the performance of our proposed approach with two datasets and in a real network environment. Experimental results demonstrate that the use of multi-view data can achieve more accurate email classification than the use of single-view data, and that our approach is more effective as compared to several existing similar algorithms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-63
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Network and Computer Applications
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Disagreement-based learning
  • Email classification
  • IoT security
  • Multi-view data
  • Semi-supervised learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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