Design of cold-formed unlipped channels subjected to web crippling

Ben Young, Gregory J. Hancock

Research output: Other outputs

6 Citations (Scopus)


The report presents a series of tests on cold-formed unlipped channels subjected to web crippling. The tests were conducted under the four loading conditions specified in the Australian/New Zealand Standard (AS/NZS 4600, 1996) and the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI, 1996) Specification for cold-formed steel structures. The four specified loading conditions are the End-One-Flange (EOF), Interior-One-Flange (IOF), End-Two-Flange (ETF) and Interior-Two-Flange (ITF) loading. The loading of concentrated load or reaction forces were applied by means of bearing plates which acted across the full flange widths of the channels. The web slenderness values of the channel sections ranged from 15.3 to 45. The test strengths are compared with the design strengths obtained using the AS/NZS 4600 and the AISI Specification. It is demonstrated that the design strengths predicted by the standard and the specification are generally unconservative for unlipped channels. Test strengths as low as 37% of the design strengths were obtained. For this reason, new web crippling design equations for unlipped channels are proposed in this report. The proposed design equations are derived based on a simple plastic mechanism model, and the web crippling strength is obtained by dispersing the bearing load through the web. The proposed design equations are calibrated with the test results. It is shown that the web crippling strengths predicted by the proposed design equations are generally conservative for unlipped channels with web slenderness values of less than or equal to 45. The reliability of the current design rules and the proposed design equations used in the prediction of web crippling strength of cold-formed channels are evaluated using reliability analysis. The safety indices of the current design rules for different loading conditions are found to be much lower than the target safety index specified in the AISI Specification, while the safety indices of the proposed design equations are generally higher than the target value.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages82
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1999
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameResearch Report - University of Sydney, Department of Civil Engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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