Design of cold-formed steel channels with stiffened webs subjected to bending

L. Wang, Ben Young

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)


The objectives of this study are to investigate the structural behaviour and evaluate the appropriateness of the current direct strength method on the design of cold-formed steel stiffened cross-sections subjected to bending. The stiffeners were employed to the web of plain channel and lipped channel sections to improve the flexural strength of cold-formed steel sections that are prone to local buckling and distortional buckling. An experimental investigation of simply supported beams with different stiffened channel sections has been conducted. The moment capacities and observed failure modes at ultimate loads were reported. A nonlinear finite element model was developed and verified against the test results in terms of strengths, failure modes and moment-curvature curves. The calibrated model was then adopted for an extensive parametric study to investigate the moment capacities and buckling modes of cold-formed steel beams with various geometries of stiffened sections. The strengths and failure modes of specimens obtained from experimental and numerical results were compared with design strengths predicted using the direct strength method specified in the North American Specification for cold-formed steel structures. The comparison shows that the design strengths predicted by the current direct strength method (DSM) are conservative for both local buckling and distortional buckling in this study. Hence, the DSM is modified to cover the new stiffened channel sections investigated in this study. A reliability analysis was also performed to assess the current and modified DSM. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-92
Number of pages12
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Beams
  • Cold-formed steel
  • Experiments
  • Finite element analysis
  • Flexural strengths
  • Open sections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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