Design of cold-formed high strength steel tubular sections undergoing web crippling

H.-T. Li, Ben Young

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


© 2018 Elsevier LtdDesign of cold-formed high strength steel (HSS) tubular sections undergoing web crippling is examined in this study. Finite element (FE) models were developed and validated against available test results, showing the capability of replicating the experimental web crippling strengths, failure modes and load-web deformation histories. On validation of the FE models, an extensive parametric study comprised of 224 FE analyses was performed. The web crippling provisions in the current North American Specification, Australian/New Zealand Standard and European Code for cold-formed steel structures were assessed. The web crippling strengths obtained from the numerical investigation together with available experimental data from the literature were compared with the nominal strengths derived from the aforementioned specifications. Overall, the comparisons showed that the nominal strengths predicted by the existing codified provisions are either unconservative or overly conservative. Hence, improved design rules are proposed for cold-formed HSS tubular sections undergoing web crippling by means of modified unified equation and Direct Strength Method. The reliability of the modified design rules has been proven through reliability analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-205
Number of pages14
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Cold-formed steel
  • Direct strength method
  • Finite element analysis
  • High strength steel
  • Tubular sections
  • Web crippling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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