Design of antiresonant-reflecting optical waveguide-type vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers using transfer matrix method

C. W. Tee, C. C. Tan, Siu Fung Yu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


A simple transfer matrix method is proposed to calculate the radiation losses of a cylindrical antiresonant- reflecting optical waveguide (ARROW). It is found that the planar approximation underestimates the radiation losses but overestimates the design tolerance of the ARROW-type vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs). An iteration technique, which is incorporated with the transfer matrix method, is also developed to design ARROW-type VCSELs for minimum radiation losses in a more effective manner.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1231-1233
Number of pages3
JournalIEEE Photonics Technology Letters
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Antiresonant-reflecting optical waveguide (ARROW)
  • Radiation losses
  • Semiconductor lasers
  • Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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