Design of a manual device to measure ankle joint stiffness and range of motion

Toshiki Kobayashi, Kam Lun Leung, Stephen W. Hutchins

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Background and Aim: Ankle joint stiffness and its range of motion (ROM) are commonly assessed to determine the appropriate mechanical characteristics required in an effective ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) prescription. The aim of this technical note is to present the design of a manual device that enables their convenient measurement in the clinical setting and to demonstrate its reliability. Technique: The manual device was designed with a torquemeter, a potentiometer, a steering wheel, a rotary plate, and a foot plate. The measurement of resistive torque at 0° (neutral), 5° (dorsiflexion) and 10° (dorsiflexion) ankle angular positions demonstrated the high reliability of the device with Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) (1,k) values over 0.97. Discussion: Quantitative measurement of ankle joint stiffness and ROM by this manual device would provide objective information that could potentially assist AFO prescriptions. A future study should investigate how to incorporate the measurement obtained from the device into the prescription of an AFO.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)478-481
Number of pages4
JournalProsthetics and Orthotics International
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2011


  • Ankle
  • Ankle-foot orthosis (AFO)
  • Range of motion (ROM)
  • Reliability
  • Stiffness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Rehabilitation


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