Design and development of a unified framework towards swarm intelligence

Shuzhu Zhang, Ka Man Lee, Kai Ming Yu, H. C.W. Lau

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The application of swarm intelligence (SI) in the optimization field has been gaining much popularity, and various SI algorithms have been proposed in last decade. However, with the increased number of SI algorithms, most research focuses on the implementation of a specific choice of SI algorithms, and there has been rare research analyzing the common features among SI algorithms coherently. More importantly, no general principles for the implementation and improvement of SI algorithms exist for solving various optimization problems. In this research, aiming to cover such a research gap, a unified framework towards SI is proposed inspired by the in-depth analysis of SI algorithms. The unified framework consists of the most frequently used operations and strategies derived from typical examples of SI algorithms. Following the proposed unified framework, the intrinsic features of SI algorithms can be understood straightforwardly and the implementation and improvement of SI algorithms can be achieved effortlessly, which is of great importance in practice. The numerical experiments examine the effects of the possible strategies employed in the unified framework, and provide pilot attempts to validate the performance of different combinations of strategies, which can not only facilitate specific SI algorithm application, but also can motivate SI algorithm innovation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-277
Number of pages25
JournalArtificial Intelligence Review
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017


  • Intensification and diversification
  • Meta-heuristics
  • Optimization problem
  • Swarm intelligence
  • Unified framework

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Artificial Intelligence


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