Design and construction of long-span single-layer dome structures by direct analysis

Y. P. Liu, S. J. Pan, Simon W.K. Leung, S. L. Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Long-span roofs are widely used worldwide as they provide large internal spaces without obstructions like columns. In designing long-span roofs, the traditional design method faces many difficulties, such as uncertainty in buckling effective length. The advanced second-order direct analysis (SODA) method for design shows and has many advantages for structural safety and cost saving. In this paper, the SODA considering P-Δ and P-δ effects as well as initial imperfections is proposed for designing of long-span roofs and the assumption of effective length is no longer required. The application of this concept of SODA to the design of practical structures appears to be new and unique, especially on the aspects of design at the construction stages. Key considerations for the construction of long-span structures by SODA are first reported. The planning of the lifting procedure, temporary support system (TSS) and off-loading sequences for load transfer from a TSS to permanent structure is guided by SODA such that an economic design and safe construction can be achieved. A constructed long-span single-layer roof structure in Macau is used to demonstrate the validity, practicality, accuracy and reliability of the proposed method and is taken as an example of successful joint work for advanced design by academicians and engineers in practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-43
Number of pages15
JournalHKIE Transactions Hong Kong Institution of Engineers
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2018


  • construction sequence
  • dome structures
  • long-span structures
  • off-loading analysis
  • Second-order direct analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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