Deployment of stationary and dynamic charging infrastructure for electric vehicles along traffic corridors

Zhibin Chen, Wei Liu, Yafeng Yin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

129 Citations (Scopus)


As charging-while-driving (CWD) technology advances, charging lanes can be deployed in the near future to charge electric vehicles (EVs) while in motion. Since charging lanes will be costly to deploy, this paper investigates the deployment of two types of charging facilities, namely charging lanes and charging stations, along a long traffic corridor to explore the competitiveness of charging lanes. Given the charging infrastructure supply, i.e., the number of charging stations, the number of chargers installed at each station, the length of charging lanes, and the charging prices at charging stations and lanes, we analyze the charging-facility-choice equilibrium of EVs. We then discuss the optimal deployment of charging infrastructure considering either the public or private provision. In the former, a government agency builds and operates both charging lanes and stations to minimize social cost, while in the latter, charging lanes and stations are assumed to be built and operated by two competing private companies to maximize their own profits. Numerical experiments based on currently available empirical data suggest that charging lanes are competitive in both cases for attracting drivers and generating revenue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-206
Number of pages22
JournalTransportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Charging lane
  • Charging station
  • Choice equilibrium
  • Deployment plan
  • Electric vehicle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Computer Science Applications


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