Dependence of optical scattering from Intralipid in gelatin-gel based tissue-mimicking phantoms on mixing temperature and time

Puxiang Lai, Xiao Xu, Lihong V. Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)


Intralipid is widely used as an optical scattering agent in tissue-mimicking phantoms. Accurate control when using Intralipid is critical to match the optical diffusivity of phantoms to the prescribed value. Currently, most protocols of Intralipid-based hydrogel phantom fabrication focus on factors such as Intralipid brand and concentration. In this note, for the first time to our knowledge, we explore the dependence of the optical reduced scattering coefficient (at 532 nm optical wavelength) on the temperature and the time of mixing Intralipid with gelatin-water solution. The studied samples contained 1% Intralipid and were measured with oblique-incidence reflectometry. It was found that the reduced scattering coefficient increased when the Intralipid- gelatinwater mixture began to solidify at room temperature. For phantoms that had already solidified completely, the diffusivity was shown to be significantly influenced by the temperature and the duration of the mixing course. The dependence of the measured diffusivity on the mixing conditions was confirmed by experimental observations. Moreover, the mechanism behind the dependence behavior is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number035002
JournalJournal of Biomedical Optics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • dynamic light scattering
  • gelatin gel
  • lipid emulsions
  • oblique-incidence reflectometry
  • optical absorption coefficient
  • optical reduced scattering coefficient
  • tissue-mimicking phantom

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this