DEM investigation of strain behaviour and force chain evolution of gravel–sand mixtures subjected to cyclic loading

Zhihong Nie, Qun Qi, Xiang Wang, Yangui Zhu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The strain characteristic and load transmission of mixed granular matter are different from those of homogeneous granular matter. Cyclic loading renders the mechanical behaviours of mixed granular matter more complex. To investigate the dynamic responses of gravel–sand mixtures, the discrete element method (DEM) was used to simulate the cyclic loading of gravel–sand mixtures with low fines contents. Macroscopically, the evolution of the axial strain and volumetric strain was investigated. Mesoscopically, the coordination number and contact force anisotropy were studied, and the evolution of strong and weak contacts was explored from two dimensions of loading time and local space. The simulation results show that increasing fines content can accelerate the development of the axial strain and volumetric strain but has little effect on the evolution of contact forces. Strong contacts tend to develop along the loading boundary, presenting the spatial difference. Weak contacts are firstly controlled by confining pressure and then controlled by axial stress, while strong contacts are mainly controlled by axial stress throughout the whole cyclic loading. Once compression failure occurs, the release of axial stress causes the reduction of strong contact proportion in all local regions. These findings are helpful to understand the dynamic responses of gravel–sand mixtures, especially in deformation behaviours and the Spatio-temporal evolution of contact forces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-28
Number of pages16
JournalParticuology
Volume68
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022

Keywords

  • Contact force
  • Cyclic loading
  • DEM
  • Gravel–sand mixture
  • Strain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science

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