Degradation of antibiotic norfloxacin in aqueous solution by visible-light-mediated C-TiO 2 photocatalysis

Meijuan Chen, Wei Chu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

125 Citations (Scopus)


A visible-light-mediated C-TiO2photocatalytic process (Vis/C-TiO2) was employed to degrade antibiotic norfloxacin. The influences of catalyst dosage, initial probe compound concentration and solution pH levels on the decay performance and reaction kinetics were investigated and optimized. Based on the experimental results, an equation was established to predict the observed rate constant under neutral pH. In addition, the decay rate was accelerated under weak alkali in the presence of moderate OH-anions. Hydroxyl radical was confirmed to play a major role in the Vis/TiO2process, where in the presence of OH quencher and electron acceptor, retardation and improvement were found respectively. Furthermore, an original schematic diagram describing the surface property of C-TiO2was built and further verified, in which, NH4+cations normally served as hole scavengers showed a negligible effect because the adsorbed OH-formed a barrier for NH4+ions to approach the holes, and the F-anions presented a significant suppression on norfloxacin decay due to the formation of hydrogen bond (OH...F) around the C-TiO2surface. Besides, the recycling and sedimentation tests justified that the Vis/C-TiO2process is a cost-effective and feasible way for wastewater treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-189
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2012


  • Norfloxacin
  • Photocatalysis
  • Visible-light-mediated C-TiO process 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering


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