Degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol by a novel iron based system and its synergism with Cd(II) immobilization in a contaminated soil

Zeng Hui Diao, Liu Yan, Fu Xin Dong, Wei Qian, Qi Hua Deng, Ling Jun Kong, Jie Wen Yang, Ze Xiang Lei, Jian Jun Du, Wei Chu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Nowadays, the remediation of heavy metals and organic compounds contaminated soil has been greatly growing attentions. In this paper, the feasibility of a novel biochar-supported zero valent iron (B-nZVI) based system for the degradation of 2,4-Dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) and immobilization of Cd(II) in contaminated soil was firstly investigated. The most relevant findings revealed that persulfate (PS) could obviously improve the degradation of 2,4-DCP by B-nZVI process. Within 240 min, nearly 91% of 2,4-DCP degradation could be reached at reaction conditions of 40 mg kg−1 2,4-DCP, 6 mM PS, 3.0 g L−1 B-nZVI and pH 4.51. A much higher performance on the 2,4-DCP degradation was observed at acidic and aerobic conditions. A lower concentration of ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) exhibited a slight improvement of 2,4-DCP degradation, whereas humic acids (HA) exhibited a significant inhibitory effect on that. Radical scavenging tests revealed that SO4[rad]− was primarily involved in degradation reaction of 2,4-DCP by B-nZVI/PS process. A total of five intermediate products including 2-chlorohydroquinone, 3,5-dichlorocatechol, phenol, fumaric acid and acetic acid were generated in 2,4-DCP degradation process, whereas two Cd species such as Cd(OH)2 and CdO were identified in Cd(II) immobilization process. A possible mechanism for the 2,4-DCP degradation and Cd(II) immobilization by B-nZVI/PS process was proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122313
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • 2,4-Dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP)
  • Cd(II)
  • Contaminated soil
  • Persulfate (PS)
  • Zero valent iron (nZVI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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