Degradable Antimicrobial Ureteral Stent Construction with Silver@graphdiyne Nanocomposite

Yang Zhang, Lizhen Wang, Yan Wang, Linhao Li, Jin Zhou, Dandan Dou, Zebin Wu, Lu Yu, Yubo Fan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

In the surgical treatment of urinary diseases, ureteral stents are commonly used interventional medical devices. Although polymer ureteral stents with polyurethane as the main constituent are widely used in the clinic, the need for secondary surgery to remove them and their propensity to cause bacterial infections greatly limit their effectiveness. To satisfy clinical requirements, an electrospinning-based strategy to fabricate PLGA ureteral stents with silver@graphdiyne is innovated. Silver (Ag) nanoparticles are uniformly loaded on the surface of graphdiyne (GDY) flakes. It is found that the incorporation of Ag nanoparticles into GDY markedly increases their antibacterial properties. Subsequently, the synthesized and purified Ag@GDY is homogeneously blended with poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) as an antimicrobial agent, and electrospinning along with high-speed collectors is used to make tubular stents. The antibacterial effect of Ag@GDY and the porous microstructure of the stents can effectively prevent bacterial biofilm formation. Furthermore, the stents gradually decrease in toughness but increase in strength during the degradation process. The cellular and subcutaneous implantation experiments demonstrate the moderate biocompatibility of the stents. In summary, considering these performance characteristics and the technical feasibility of the approach taken, this study opens new possibilities for the design and application of biodegradable ureteral stents.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced healthcare materials
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2023

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