Defect- and component-based assessment model for manholes

Khalid Kaddoura, Tarek Zayed

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Although manholes are significant assets in sewer networks, their assessment is receiving little attention compared to sewer pipelines. It was reported that more than three-million manholes in the United States (US) were structurally weak and prone to collapse. To avoid sudden failure, systematic manhole condition assessment model is required. Therefore, the primary objective of this study was to develop a component-based condition assessment model for sewer access holes. The methodology was based on integrating the Quality Function Deployment (QFD), Decision-Making Trial Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) techniques to study the causality relationship between the defects in the nine identified components of the manhole. The relative importance weights of the components were found by deploying the Analytic Network Process (ANP) and were used to compute the overall condition of the asset. Based on the results, the roots were the highest influence power in many of the components. In addition, the wall, cone, cover and frame, and seals components were higher importance weights compared to the remaining components. This model was tested on an actual case study from the city of Edmonton in Canada and compared with actual values. The model produced an average validity percentage (AVP) of 76.24%. The developed model is expected to enhance the assessment of manholes and therefore provide robust conclusions. Besides, the model offers a backward analysis to pinpoint critical components in the manhole. Consequently, better decisions are made pertinent to maintenance, rehabilitation, and replacement interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-393
Number of pages14
JournalTunnelling and Underground Space Technology
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018


  • Analytic Network Process (ANP)
  • Condition assessment
  • Decision-Making Trial Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL)
  • Manhole
  • Quality Function Deployment (QFD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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