Deep residual convolutional neural network with curriculum learning for source camera identification

I. O. Animasahun, Kin Man Lam

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review


Source camera identification is a fundamental area in forensic science, which deals with attributing a photo to the camera device that has captured it. It provides useful information for further forensic analysis, and also in the verification of evidential images involving child pornography cases. Source camera identification is a difficult task, especially in cases involving small-sized query images. Recently, many deep learning-based methods have been developed for camera identification, by learning the camera processing pipeline directly from the images of the camera under consideration. However, most of the proposed methods have considerably good identification accuracy for identifying the camera models, but less accurate results on individual or instance-based source camera identification. In this paper, we propose to train an accurate deep residual convolutional neural network (ResNet), with the use of curriculum learning (CL) and preprocessed noise residues of camera images, so as to suppress contamination of camera fingerprints and extract highly discriminative features for camera identification. The proposed ResNet consists of five convolutional layers and two fully connected layers with residual connections. For the curriculum learning in this paper, we propose a manual and an automatic curriculum learning algorithm. Furthermore, after training the proposed ResNet with CL, the flattened output of the last convolutional layer is extracted to form the deep features, which are then used to learn one-vs-rest linear support vector machines for predicting the camera classes. Experimental results on 10 cameras from the Dresden database show the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed methods, when compared with some existing state-of-the-art methods.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Workshop on Advanced Imaging Technology, IWAIT 2020
EditorsPhooi Yee Lau, Mohammad Shobri
ISBN (Electronic)9781510638358
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020
EventInternational Workshop on Advanced Imaging Technology, IWAIT 2020 - Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 5 Jan 20207 Jan 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceInternational Workshop on Advanced Imaging Technology, IWAIT 2020


  • Curriculum learning
  • Deep learning
  • Photo-response non-uniformity
  • Residual convolutional neural network
  • Source camera identification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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