Deep learning based ultrasonic reconstruction of rough surface morphology

Zhengjun Wang, Fan Shi, Fangxin Zou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


This paper introduces a methodology to recover the morphology of a complex rough surface from ultrasonic pulse echo measurements with an array of equidistant sensors using the one dimensional convolution neural network (1DCNN). The neural network is trained by the datasets simulated from high-fidelity finite element simulations for surfaces with a range of roughness parameters and is tested on both numerical and real experimental data. To assess the performance of our proposed method, the rough surface reconstruction results from the deep learning approach are compared with those obtained from conventional ultrasonic array imaging methods. Unlike array imaging-based methods that require a large number of sensors (e.g., 128, 64 or 32), the deep learning-based method uses pulse echo signals and can achieve accurate results with much fewer sensors. The developed deep learning approach has the potential to enable low-cost, accurate, and real-time reconstruction of complex surface profiles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107265
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024


  • Convolution neural network
  • Deep learning interpretability
  • Non-destructive evaluation
  • Randomly rough surface
  • Real-time reconstruction
  • Ultrasonic damage detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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