Deep brain stimulation of pallidal versus subthalamic for patients with Parkinson's disease : a meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials

F. Xu, W. Ma, Y. Huang, Z. Qiu, Lei Sun

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder that affects many people every year. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an effective nonpharmacological method to treat PD motor symptoms. This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of subthalamic nucleus (STN)-DBS versus globus pallidus internus (GPi)-DBS in treating advanced PD.||Methods: Controlled clinical trials that compared STN-DBS to GPi-DBS for short-term treatment of PD in adults were researched up to November 2015. The primary outcomes were the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale Section (UPDRS) III score and the levodopa-equivalent dosage (LED) after DBS. The secondary outcomes were the UPDRS II score and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) score.||Results: Totally, 13 studies containing 1,148 PD patients were included in this meta-analysis to compare STN-DBS versus GPi-DBS. During the off-medication state, the pooled weighted mean difference (WMD) of UPDRS III and II scores were -2.18 (95% CI =-5.11 to 0.74) and -1.96 (95% CI =-3.84 to -0.08), respectively. During the on-medication state, the pooled WMD of UPDRS III and II scores were 0.15 (95% CI =-1.14 to 1.44) and 1.01 (95% CI = 0.12 to 1.89), respectively. After DBS, the pooled WMD of LED and BDI were -254.48 (95% CI =-341.66) and 2.29 (95% CI = 0.83 to 3.75), respectively.||Conclusion: These results indicate that during the off-medication state, the STN-DBS might be superior to GPi-DBS in improving the motor function and activities of daily living for PD patients; but during the on-medication state, the opposite result is observed. Meanwhile, the STN-DBS is superior at reducing the LED, whereas the GPi-DBS shows a significantly greater reduction in BDI score after DBS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1435-1444
Number of pages10
JournalNeuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Parkinson disease
  • Deep brain stimulation
  • Subthalamic nucleus
  • Globus pallidus internus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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