Data mining in building automation system for improving building operational performance

Fu Xiao, Cheng Fan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

177 Citations (Scopus)


Today's building automation system (BAS) provides us with a tremendous amount of data on actual building operation. Buildings are becoming not only energy-intensive, but also information-intensive. Data mining (DM) is an emerging powerful technique with great potential to discover hidden knowledge in large data sets. This study investigates the use of DM for analyzing the large data sets in BAS with the aim of improving building operational performance. An applicable framework for mining BAS database is proposed. The framework is implemented to mine the BAS database of the tallest building in Hong Kong. After data preparation, clustering analysis is performed to identify the typical power consumption patterns of the building. Then, association rule mining is adopted to unveil the associations among power consumptions of major components in each cluster. Lastly, post-mining is conducted to interpret the rules. 457 rules are obtained in association rule mining, of which the majority can be easily deduced from domain knowledge and hence be ignored in this study. Four of the rules are used for improving building performance. This study shows that DM techniques are valuable for knowledge discovery in BAS database; however, solid domain knowledge is still needed to apply the knowledge discovered to achieve better building operational performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-118
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2014


  • Association rule mining
  • Building automation system
  • Clustering analysis
  • Data mining
  • Feature extraction
  • Recursive partitioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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