Data Management in Supply Chain Using Blockchain: Challenges and a Case Study

Hanqing Wu, Jiannong Cao, Yanni Yang, Cheung Leong Tung, Shan Jiang, Bin Tang, Yang Liu, Xiaoqing Wang, Yuming Deng

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Supply chain management (SCM) is fundamental for gaining financial, environmental and social benefits in the supply chain industry. However, traditional SCM mechanisms usually suffer from a wide scope of issues such as lack of information sharing, long delays for data retrieval, and unreliability in product tracing. Recent advances in blockchain technology show great potential to tackle these issues due to its salient features including immutability, transparency, and decentralization. Although there are some proof-of-concept studies and surveys on blockchain-based SCM from the perspective of logistics, the underlying technical challenges are not clearly identified. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive analysis of potential opportunities, new requirements, and principles of designing blockchain-based SCM systems. We summarize and discuss four crucial technical challenges in terms of scalability, throughput, access control, data retrieval and review the promising solutions. Finally, a case study of designing blockchain-based food traceability system is reported to provide more insights on how to tackle these technical challenges in practice.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICCCN 2019 - 28th International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages(electronic version)
ISBN (Electronic)9781728118567
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks, ICCCN
Volume2019-July
ISSN (Print)1095-2055

Keywords

  • Blockchain
  • Consensus
  • Distributed Ledgers
  • Supply Chain Management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Software

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