Data-driven order correlation pattern and storage location assignment in robotic mobile fulfillment and process automation system

K. L. Keung, C. K.M. Lee, P. Ji

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


With the rapid development and implementation of ICT, academics and industrial practitioners are widely applying robotic process automation (RPA) to enhance their business processes and operational efficiencies. This paper intends to address the value creation of utilizing RPA under the cloud-based Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) in Robotic Mobile Fulfillment System (RMFS). By providing a TO-BE analysis of RPA and cloud-based CPS framework, a data-driven approach is proposed for zone clustering and storage location assignment classification in RMFS. The purpose of the paper is to gain better operational efficiency in RMFS. A modified A* algorithm is adopted for calculating the total traveling cost of each moveable rack in the case company layout. Nine common clustering algorithms are applied for the RMFS's zone clustering. The results from the zone clustering are considered as nine scenarios for data-driven order classification to solve the storage location assignment problem. Six common classification algorithms are applied for a detailed comparison which has been conducted with thousands of orders. The results reveal that K-means, Gaussian Mixture Models, and Bayesian Gaussian Mixture Model are worked well with six supervised classification algorithms which yield an average of 95% accuracy rate and a higher customers’ expectation can be achieved under the customer-driven e-commerce economy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101369
JournalAdvanced Engineering Informatics
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • Data-driven
  • Order correlation pattern
  • Robotic mobile fulfillment system
  • Storage location assignment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Artificial Intelligence

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