Data-driven optimal scheduling of multi-energy system virtual power plant (MEVPP) incorporating carbon capture system (CCS), electric vehicle flexibility, and clean energy marketer (CEM) strategy

Tobi Michael Alabi, Lin Lu, Zaiyue Yang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The zero-carbon multi-energy systems (ZCMES) have received attention due to developed countries' promulgated carbon–neutral policy. Thus, This paper proposes a deep learning approach and optimization model for the optimal day-ahead scheduling of ZCMES virtual power plants. Technically, a carbon capture system (CCS) is introduced to harness the carbon emission associated with some equipment, consideration of electric vehicle multi-flexible potentials, followed by a clean energy marketer (CEM) strategy to ensure system reliability sustainably. For day-ahead multivariable time-series prediction, an integrated recurrent unit-bidirectional long-short term memory (GRU-BiLSTM) is developed. This is followed by an autoencoder (AE) for scenario generation and scene reduction using the fast forward reduction algorithm. A robust-stochastic modelling approach is then applied for optimal decision-making. As a case study, the proposed model is verified using accurate historical multi-energy data of a district in Arizona, the United States. The results show that the proposed model outperformed other scenarios by achieving a 76% average self-consumption ratio and 0.85 average multi-energy load cover ratio. Also, the proposed method obtains a 10.74% reduction in day-ahead scheduling cost by considering the CEM trading period and EV flexibility. Further, a 36% reduction is observed using a robust-stochastic approach, which is more robust and economical than deterministic, stochastic, and robust methods. Remarkably, it was observed that the CEM trading period restriction influenced the scheduling behaviour of ZCMES and the charging pattern of EVs. However, the integration of EV flexibility reduces dependency on the external grid and optimize the power consumption of CCS using part of cogeneration electrical output instead of total reliance on the external grid. Thus, the proposed model strengthens carbon–neutral feasibility in urban centres and serves as a reference tool for sustainable energy policymakers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118997
JournalApplied Energy
Volume314
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2022

Keywords

  • Deep learning
  • Electric vehicles
  • Integrated energy systems
  • Robust-stochastic programming
  • Virtual power plant
  • Zero-carbon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Energy
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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