Daily spillover from home to work: the role of workplace mindfulness and daily customer mistreatment

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: This daily diary study aims to examine the influences of daily poor sleep quality on employees’ emotional exhaustion at work via negative affect at home. Additionally, this study examines the moderating effects of day-level customer mistreatment and person-level workplace mindfulness in hotel frontline employees’ daily spillover from the nonwork domain to the work domain. Design/methodology/approach: An experience sampling method was applied, and the survey data were collected from 98 frontline service employees in the hotel industry in China. This study included a one-time initial survey and a ten-day daily diary study. Findings: This study reveals that frontline service employees’ poor sleep quality of the previous night influences their emotional exhaustion after work through negative affect at home. On days when employees perceived a low level of customer mistreatment, the daily positive association between negative affect at home and emotional exhaustion after work would be attenuated. Moreover, employees with a higher level of workplace mindfulness are less likely to be influenced by the negative affect at home. Practical implications: This study suggests that hospitality organizations should extend their focus on caring about employees’ nonwork life quality, such as improving daily sleep quality and providing workplace mindfulness trainings. Originality/value: This study adds to the current literature on work and nonwork spillover by considering the spillover process from employees’ nonwork domains to work domains by taking a dynamic and multilevel perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3008-3028
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2022


  • Day-specific customer mistreatment
  • Day-specific emotional exhaustion
  • Nonwork-to-work spillover
  • Poor sleep quality
  • Workplace mindfulness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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