The hydrodynamic stability of cyclic flows inside rigid abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) models was investigated. Rectified sine waveforms were used to simulate aortic flow conditions (Remean = 1600-2100 and ? = 7.2-12.2). Depending on the bulge geometry (D/d and L/d ratios), AAA flows can be broadly classified into three regimes, namely types A, B and C, respectively. While type A has no vortex formation, type B and C have distinctive laminar vortical structures that are very different from one another. The type of flow regimes would also determine where and when the transition to turbulence would occur and the portion of the cycle at which the flow remains turbulent in the bulge. The stability characteristics of types B and C are obtained from the linear stability analysis performed on the unsteady velocity profiles measured at different phases of a cycle. Based on the linear stability analyses, instability is found to initiate in the bulge for types B and C through the formation of vortical structures. Instability grows progressively during the acceleration phase and transition to turbulence in the bulge occurs shortly after the commencement of the deceleration phase in all cases investigated. The mechanisms of transition to turbulence for types B and C are discussed. Although transition to turbulence appears in all the cases investigated here, fully laminar flows in types B and C are predicted to exist by the linear stability theory under extreme flow conditions. Finally, the in vivo biological implications of the in vitro results were discussed. © 2001 Published by The Japan Society of Fluid Mechanics and Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanical Engineering
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes