High-precision optical components with complex shapes or microstructures have been extensively used in numerous fields such as biomedicine, energy and aerospace. In order to accurately achieve the specific functions of the components, the form accuracy and uniform surface quality need to reach an ever-high level. To achieve this, ultra-precision normal grinding is used for machining various types of complex optical surfaces. However, the intricate variation of the workpiece curvature and grinding wheel vibration gives rise to great challenges to obtain higher precision and uniform surface conditions. In this study, the influence of curvature on surface topography generation has been investigated and a novel model of scallop height has been developed for surface topography generation in the normal grinding of the curved surface. In addition, the relative influence of the curvature is analyzed experimentally, in which the micro-waviness generation as a consequence of the unbalanced vibration of the grinding wheel is modeled and validated by experiments. Finally, the micro sinusoidal array with the setting value for scallop height is achieved by controlling the feed speed, which is determined by the local curvature of surface profile. The results indicated that the curvature variation posed a significant effect on surface uniformity and the model is valid to achieve surface scallop height control in the normal grinding effectively.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics