Curvature and singularity driven diffusion for oriented pattern enhancement with singular points

Qijun Zhao, Lei Zhang, Dapeng Zhang, Wenyi Huang, Jian Bai

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oriented patterns, e.g. fingerprints, consist of smoothly varying flow-like patterns, together with important singular points (i.e. cores and deltas) where the orientation changes abruptly. Gabor filters and anisotropic diffusion methods have been widely used to enhance oriented patterns. However, none of them can well cope with regions of varying curvatures or regions surrounding singular points. By incorporating the ridge curvatures and the singularities into the diffusion model, we propose a new diffusion method to better exploit the global characteristics of oriented patterns. Specifically, we first locate the singular points, and regularize the estimated orientation field by using a singularity driven nonlinear diffusion process. We then enhance the oriented patterns by applying an oriented diffusion process which is driven by the curvature and singularity. Experiments on synthetic data and real fingerprint images validated that the proposed method is capable of consistently enhancing oriented patterns while well preserving the ridge structures in singular regions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2009 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops, CVPR Workshops 2009
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages2129-2135
Number of pages7
Volume2009 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
ISBN (Print)9781424439935
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009
Event2009 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition - Miami, FL, United States
Duration: 20 Jun 200925 Jun 2009

Conference

Conference2009 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityMiami, FL
Period20/06/0925/06/09

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Biomedical Engineering

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