Current status and historical trends of organochlorine pesticides in the ecosystem of Deep Bay, South China

Yao Wen Qiu, Gan Zhang, Ling Li Guo, Hai Rong Cheng, Wen Xiong Wang, Xiangdong Li, Wing Hong Onyx Wai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To characterize the current status and historical trends in organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) contamination in Deep Bay, an important water body between Hong Kong and mainland China with a Ramsar mangrove wetland (Maipo), samples from seawater, suspended particulate matter (SPM), surface sediment, sediment core and fish were collected to determine the OCPs concentrations. Sediment core dating was accomplished using the210Pb method. The average concentrations of DDTs, HCHs and chlordanes in water were 1.96, 0.71, 0.81 ng l-1, while in SPM were 36.5, 2.5, 35.7 ng g-1dry weight, in surface sediment were 20.2, 0.50, 2.4 ng g-1dry weight, and in fish were 125.4, 0.43, 13.1 ng g-1wet weight, respectively. DDTs concentrations in various matrices of Deep Bay were intermediate compared with those in other areas. Temporal trends of the targeted OCPs levels in sediment core generally increased from 1948 to 2004, with the highest levels in top or sub-surface sediment. Both DDT composition and historical trends indicated an ongoing fresh DDT input. A positive relationship between the bioconcentration factor (BCF) of target chemicals and the corresponding octanol-water partition coefficient (Kow), and between the biota-sediment accumulation factors (BSAF) and the Kowwere observed in the Bay. The risk assessment indicated that there were potential ecological and human health risks for the target OCPs in Deep Bay.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-272
Number of pages8
JournalEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
Volume85
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2009

Keywords

  • China, Deep Bay
  • dating
  • DDT
  • pesticides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science

Cite this