CROWD-PAN-360: Crowdsourcing Based Context-Aware Panoramic Map Generation for Smartphone Users

Vaskar Raychoudhury, Shikhar Shrivastav, Sandeep Singh Sandha, Jiannong Cao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Recent advances in smartphones and location-aware services necessitate identifying logical locations of users, in terms of their surroundings, instead of raw location coordinates. In this paper, we have proposed CROWD-PAN-360 (CP360), a novel smartphone-based system to generate 360-degree panoramic map of a querying user for his unfamiliar surrounding using crowd-sourced images. The objects (logical locations) appearing in the images are identified using manually or automatically generated tags. The system is context-aware and it intelligently associates user location coordinates with several smartphone contexts, like acceleration and orientation. CP360 can significantly reduce GPS positional errors for even cheap low-end smartphones and can identify the user surroundings very efficiently. We extensively tested the system in both indoor and outdoor environments of IIT Roorkee campus using Android smartphones over a dataset of more than 6,000 crowd-sourced images of nearly 70 objects (departments, hostels, cafeteria, etc.) and CP360 generates the panoramic map with an average accuracy of 92.2 percent.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6871426
Pages (from-to)2208-2219
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015


  • Context-aware
  • crowd-sourcing
  • location-based services
  • smartphone sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'CROWD-PAN-360: Crowdsourcing Based Context-Aware Panoramic Map Generation for Smartphone Users'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this