Cross-cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Hong Kong-Chinese version of Children's Voice Handicap Index-10 for Parents (CVHI-10-P(HK))

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to cross-culturally adapt and validate the Hong Kong Chinese version of the Children's Voice Handicap Index-10 for Parents (CVHI-10-P(HK)), a parent-proxied quality of life (QOL) questionnaire that pairs with the Children's Voice Handicap Index-10 (CVHI-10(HK)). Method: The English version of the (CVHI-10-P(HK)) underwent forward-backward translation and pretesting. Content validity was computed from an expert panel rating on relevance and test-retest reliability was obtained from parents and/or guardians of six dysphonic and five vocally-healthy children. Other validity and reliability measures were analyzed from CVHI-10-P(HK) completed by parents and/or guardians of 28 dysphonic and 35 vocally-healthy children who had completed CVHI-10(HK). Results: The CVHI-10-P(HK) demonstrated excellent internal consistency (α = 0.091), excellent content validity (item- and scale-level content validity indices = 1.00), good construct validity (between group difference in total CVHI-10-P(HK) score: t(30.904) = -6.449, P < 0.001, Cohen's d = 1.709) and excellent test-retest reliability (r = 0.966, P < 0.001). Criterion validity analysis showed a moderate correlation between the total CVHI-10-P(HK) score and auditory-perceptual ratings on overall severity (r = 0.515, P < 0.001). Area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic plot was found to be 0.855. The CVHI-10-P(HK) has excellent intrinsic accuracy. A cutoff of score of four may be adopted for the optimal sensitivity and specificity match. A moderate correlation was found between the total scores of CVHI-10-P(HK) and CVHI-10(HK) (r = 0.684, P < 0.001). Conclusion: The CVHI-10-P(HK) is a valid tool that measures QOL of dysphonic children from the parents’ perspective. It is recommended to be used in parallel to the CVHI-10(HK) as part of a comprehensive voice assessment for children in Hong Kong.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299.e9-299.e14
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Voice
Issue number2
Early online date29 Dec 2020
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


  • Voice disorders
  • Pediatric dysphonia
  • Children's quality of life
  • Voice Handicap Index (VHI)
  • Children's Voice Handicap Index-10 for Parents (CVHI-10-P)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Speech and Hearing
  • LPN and LVN


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