Critical success factors for green building promotion: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Linyan Chen, Albert P.C. Chan, Emmanuel K. Owusu, Amos Darko, Xin Gao

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


As a significant attempt to save energy and minimize greenhouse gas emissions to the environment, green building has aroused public attention worldwide. The slow development of green buildings has become a primary concern in practice for many countries. Despite the identification of an array of critical success factors that influence green building promotion in previous studies, no consensus has been reached so far on the factors and their respective significance. Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis guideline, this study, therefore, intends to fill this gap by conducting a systematic literature review on the critical success factors for green building promotion and further prioritizing the factors quantitatively through meta-analysis. Forty critical success factors in green building promotion were identified from twenty relevant studies selected from Web of Science and Scopus. After these factors were examined in terms of their significances using meta-analysis, publication bias, subgroup analysis, and sensitivity analysis were conducted for further analysis. The results indicate that the roles of stakeholders and government are vital in green building promotion. The commitment and cooperation from stakeholders are essential in the green building practice, as well as adequate incentives and mandatory requirements from the statutory level. Besides, the difference in the building type subgroup is more significant than the differences in other subgroups. This study not only contributes to the existing green building knowledge body but also provides references to policy makers and practitioners in formulating policies and good practices to promote green buildings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108452
JournalBuilding and Environment
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


  • Critical success factors
  • Green building
  • Meta-analysis
  • Sustainability
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction


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