Criminal recidivism of incarcerated male nonviolent offenders in Hong Kong

Heng Choon Chan, T. Wing, Lena Y. Zhong, Wing Hong Chui

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Criminal recidivism of the incarcerated population in Hong Kong has rarely been studied. The purpose of this study is to explore the recidivism rates and to identify significant predictors of reoffending among incarcerated male offenders convicted of a nonviolent offense in Hong Kong. Using a self-reported methodological design, 278 offenders were sampled. These offenders' immediate past incarceration is used as the benchmark for this recidivism study. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year recidivism rates are 21%, 68%, and 87%, respectively. The findings denote that offending history, psychological attributes, interpersonal relationships, and environmental influences are significant reoffending risk factors. These findings, especially the alarming failure rates, highlight the need to seriously assess the effectiveness of intervention strategies used by the Hong Kong correctional system in preventing future offending. Implications for intervention strategies with emphasis on the risk factors for recidivism are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-142
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hong kong chinese
  • Nonviolent offenders
  • Recidivism
  • Reincarceration
  • Reoffending
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology

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