Crack initiation criterion at notches in Zr-2.5Nb alloys

S. Sagat, San-Qiang Shi, M. P. Puls

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


This work investigates the experimental conditions necessary for initiation of delayed hydride cracking in Zr-2.5Nb alloys. The experiments were performed on 240 notched cantiliver beam specimens loaded in pure bending to a wide range of stresses. The test temperature was 250°C with weekly cycles between 60 and 295°C. The results are interpreted in the light of a recently proposed fracture criterion for hydrides at cracks and notch tips. This criterion is based on the premise that crack initiation occurs if the local tensile stress at the hydride exceeds that for hydride fracture. The local stress at the hydride is expressed as the sum of the peak stress at the notch and the stress in the hydride arising from the hydride formation process. The fracture stress of the hydride is obtained experimentally. An approximate analytical method, based on a modified Neuber's rule, was used to calculate the plastic zone size needed to estimate the peak stress at the notch. These approximate calculations show that the threshold notch tip stress for cracking is between 675 and 750 MPa.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-247
Number of pages11
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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